On the other hand, rationalizing replaces rational thought with exaggerated, distorted thinking. Consider the example of taking an important exam. While telling yourself that doing well on the examination is important, it is rational to recognize that your whole future doesn't hinge on any one exam. Practicing rational self-talk when taking an exam helps you calm down and focus, while exaggerated or catastrophizing self-talk stirs up a stew of anxiety.
When we rationalize our behavior, we fail to test our perceptions, because we hold to a fixed, unalterable view of reality.
Why Positive Affirmations Don't Work
During an exam, you might rationalize to yourself by thinking, "It's no big thing, so who cares how well you perform? When we rationalize, we may put up a false front of indifference. This can be easily shattered when reality doesn't confirm your preconceived attitudes. The rationalizer in the test-taking situation may apply only a minimal effort, which can lead to poor performance and negative consequences.
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A string of disappointing outcomes may follow, as one failure builds upon another. A tragic example of rationalization is believing the myth of personal invulnerability concerning cigarette smoking. My Uncle Charley smoked every day of his life and lived to be The personal tragedies are far too numerous to count of those of committed smokers who rationalized themselves into an early grave.
Jeffrey Nevid, Ph. John's University. Identify the underlying beliefs that trigger negative thoughts.
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I'm simply stating the facts. Should we see that wave of hope that we felt with [Mandela]'s release from prison? From the Berlin Wall coming down? Should we see that hope that we had as naive and misguided? I believe in Nelson Mandela's vision. I believe in a vision shared by Gandhi and King, and Abraham Lincoln.
I believe in a vision of equality and justice and freedom and multiracial democracy built on a premise that all people are created equal and are endowed by our creator with certain inalienable rights. And I believe that a world governed by such principles is possible and that it can achieve more peace and more cooperation in pursuits of a common good.
That's what I believe.
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People must learn to hate. And if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love. For love comes more naturally to the human heart — love comes more naturally to the human heart. Let's remember that truth. Let's be joyful in our struggle to make that truth manifest here on earth. So that years from now future generations will look back and say, 'They kept the march going — that's why we live under new banners of freedom. Keep marching. Keep building. Keep raising your voice. Mandela said 'Young people are capable when aroused of bringing down the towers of oppression and raising the banners of freedom.
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